Risk factors for benign breast disease. The birth control pill not only prevents pregnancy, it also treats several feminine disorders. Research since the pill’s introduction has focused on lowering the dose of estrogen and using different dosages and types of progestins, and the pill is now considered safe and effective. Coutinho EM et al.

Recent Contraception Articles

research paper on birth control availability Because of undetected IUD expulsion, the user failure rate for IUDs is estimated to be somewhat higher, about 6 percent per year. Research paper on birth control availability teenage pregnancy rates higher than ever and the imminent threat of the contraction of STD s, such as HIV, the role of sex education in the school is of a greater importance biirth than ever before.

Evidence from a case-control study that used data collected from the Oxford Family Planning Association cohort study suggests that OC use protects contro woman from developing uterine fibroids Ross et al.

Problems and Prospects One of the major problems women in the Third World face is the low status put on their lives and hence their families, communities and societies are all greatly affected. Abortion is defined as ‘the expulsion, either spontaneous or induced, of a feotus from the womb before it is able to survive, especially in the first 28 weeks of pregnancy.

Many socioeconomic factors influence pregnancy rates, such as; different races, different religions, financial status, education and family background. Association for Voluntary Sterilization.


Current Contraceptive Research | Guttmacher Institute

View More on Journal Insights. OC use leads to approximately a threefold to sixfold increased risk of overt hypertension. Several versions of the vaccine have undergone preclinical and clinical studies, but they have been mired in controversy over theoretical safety risks and potential for abuse i.

One epidemiologic study suggested a connection between spermicides used near the availabilitj of conception or research paper on birth control availability pregnancy and the risk of congenital defects Jick et al. Condoms, or rubbers, are shaped like a balloon and are made of a special kind of rubber.

Enter your login details below. Insertion and removal require a minor surgical procedure performed by trained health care personnel; however, once implanted, no further action is required for several years. Other research programs are pursuing agents that act in the epididymis.

Epidemiology of urinary tract infections. Morbidity The most common complications of pzper are swelling of the scrotal tissue, bruising, and pain. Research paper on birth control availability, substantial challenges remain before a new contraceptive microbicide product will be available for distribution. Population study as a discipline is known as demography. Potential for bias in case-control studies of oral contraceptives and breast cancer. There are many abailability why people argue for and against research paper on birth control availability education being a set curriculum in our school systems, but availabilit many people look at the facts of the issue before deciding that sex education is not right.


In general, 50 percent to 70 percent of women undergoing reversal surgery achieve intrauterine pregnancy Liskin et al. Complications of vas surgery. Any report of disease potentially related to vasectomy via an immunopathologic mechanism was validated by medical record review.

Breast cancerin young women and the use of oral contraceptives: By contrast, another study found that the incidence of hospitalization for genito-urinary diseases was not significantly different between vasectomized and nonvasectomized men Petitti et al. Abortion is a very personal and controversial topic especially in todays society.

Spermicides availabilityy use today include nonoxynol-9, octoxynol-9, and menfegol, although the latter is not available in the United States.

Oral contraceptives have so dominated the U.

Most schools do not teach their students about relationships, morals, respect, self-discipline, self-respect, and most im Deaths attributable to tubal sterilization in the United States, — Seven epidemiologic studies have found that current or recent OC use reduces the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease PID Stadel, Alternative surgical approaches include the vaginal approach and the transcervical approach.